Nakhon Phanom

Nakhon Phanom @ ThailandThroughout the history of Nakhon Phanom, Laotians and people from smaller ethnic minority groups migrated across the Mekong River giving modern Nakhon Phanom a distinctive cultural fusion that is apparent in the local language, customs, and cuisine. Visitors can appreciate this culture during the Bai-Sri-Su-Kwan ceremony or by witnessing one of the region.

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ISAN is the northeastern region of Thailand. It is located on the Korat Plateau, bordered by the Mekong River (along the border with Laos) to the north and east, by Cambodia to the southeast and the Prachinburi mountains south of Nakhon Ratchasima. To the west it is separated from Northern and Central Thailand by the Phetchabun mountain range.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, northeastern Thailand has been officially known as Isan, a term adopted from Sanskrit Ishan, meaning in a north east direction. The term "Isan" was derived from Isanapura, the capital of the Chenla kingdom. The Lao-speaking population of the region, who comprise the majority, distinguish themselves not only from the Lao of Laos but also from the central Thai by calling themselves Khon Isan or Thai Isan. The Khmer-speaking minority and Kuy (Suai), who live in the south of Isan, speak dialects and follow customs more similar to those of Cambodia than either the Thai people or the Lao people. Agriculture is the main economic activity. Production lags behind the rest of the country due to the socio-economic conditions and the exceptionally hot, dry climate. Isan remains Thailand's poorest region.

The main language is Isan, which is a dialect of the Lao language. Currently written with the Thai alphabet (instead of the slightly different Lao alphabet), Isan belongs to the Chiang Seng and LaoPhutai language groups, which along with Thai are members of the Tai languages of the TaiKadai language family. Thai is also spoken by almost everyone. Khmer, the language of Cambodia, is widely spoken in areas along the Cambodian border: Buriram, Surin, and Sisaket. The people are aware of their Lao ethnic origin, but Isan has been incorporated into the modern Thai state. Several Thai prime ministers have come from the region. Prominent aspects of Isan culture of include Mor Lam, an indigenous type of folk music, Muay Thai boxing, cock fighting, and celebratory processions. Isan food, in which Sticky Rice (Khao niew) and chiles are prominent, is distinct from Thai cuisine. Sticky rice is a staple of Thai Northeastern cuisine, and it accompanies most meals.

 

 

ISAN MAP : Nakhon Phanom @ Thailand Loei Nong Khai Nakhon Phanom Udon Thani Sakon Nakhon Nong Bua Lam Phu Khon Kaen Chaiyaphum Kalasin Mukdahan Maha Sarakham Yasothon Amnat Charoen Nakhon Ratchasima Roi Et Buriram Surin Sri Sa Ket Ubon Ratchathani Bueng Kan

Nakhon Phanom

 

 

The City of the Revered Phrathat Phanom, Cultural Diversity, Beautiful Phu Thai Ladies, Brilliant Illuminated Boat Procession, and Picturesque Mekong River.

Nakhon Phanom, once the center of the ancient Sri Kotrabun Kingdom, lies along the western bank of the majestic Mekong River, although over the centuries it has moved back and forth across the river. The lovely setting of Nakhon Phanom town is enhanced by the rugged beauty of the jungle covered mountains that lie beyond the town of Thakaek on the Laotian side of the river. King Rama I chose the name Nakhon Phanom, city of mountains, because of the remarkable mountains found in the province.

Partly a result of its long history, Nakhon Phanom is a melting pot of diverse ethnic cultures and traditions, particularly represented by the Lao, who have lent a strong influence to the architecture, customs, and cuisine of Nakhon Phanom, including the Bai-Sri-Su-Kwan welcoming ceremony.

Covered with both high hills and low lying, forest covered plains, Nakhon Phanom is the site of Phra That Phanom, the most ancient and sacred religious monument in Northeastern Thailand. Thais and Laotians are both common pilgrims to this highly venerated Buddhist shrine where they come to ask for blessings.

Throughout the history of Nakhon Phanom, Laotians and people from smaller ethnic minority groups migrated across the Mekong River giving modern Nakhon Phanom a distinctive cultural fusion that is apparent in the local language, customs, and cuisine. Visitors can appreciate this culture during the Bai-Sri-Su-Kwan ceremony or by witnessing one of the regions folk dances, such as the Sri Kotrabun, Fon Phu Thai, Sek-Ten-Sak, and So Tung Bung, some of which are only performed on special occasions.

In addition to its rich culture, Nakhon Phanom, which literally means city of hills is an area with great natural beauty and which features a number of opportunities for visitors to participate in outdoor activities, including trekking in the national park or shooting a round of golf.

 

HOW
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ISAN

@ Thailand

by...webSanom

TRAVEL TO NAKHON PHANOM

Options in Nakhon Phanom, Thailand
As a province somewhat off the typical tourist route, Nakhon Phanom is best reached via private car or public bus. Once there, it may be easier to get around with your own car, as the there is no local bus service and the only chartered vehicles available are Skylabs, a local form of tuk tuk.

 

Getting to and from Nakhon Phanom

By Car:
Route 1: From Bangkok, take the Bangkok-Nakhon Ratchasima route, then proceed to Ban Phai along Highway No. 2; take Highway No. 23 and Highway No. 213 to Sakhon Nakhon Province via Maha Sarakham and Kalasin Provinces and continue along Highway No. 22 to Nakhon Phanom; the total distance is 740 kilometers.

Route 2: From Bangkok take Highway No. 1 (Phahonyothin Road) to Saraburi. At the main junction located at the kilometer 107 marker, turn right onto Highway No. 2 (Friendship Highway) and proceed past Nakon Ratchasima Province to Ban Phai (a district of Khon Kaen Province) and turn right onto Highway 23. Follow the route to Maha Sarakham, Kalasin, Sakon Nakhon and Nakhon Phanom Provinces; the total distance is 735 kilometers.

By Bus:
Buses depart from Bangkok's Northern Bus Terminal (Mo Chit 2 Bus Terminal) to Nakhon Phanom Province every day between 6.00 a.m. and 8.00 p.m. There are different classes of bus services provided - regular, air-conditioned and VIP with fares ranging from 360 baht to 579 baht. For more information call Transport Co. Ltd. Tel. 0 2936 2852-66. Alternatively, you can visit www.transport.co.th to find more up-to-date information on schedules and fares.

To/From other neighboring provinces:

Nong Khai: Regular bus services operate between Nong Khai and Nakhon Phanom via Sakon Nakhon; air-conditioned bus services are provided hourly from 6 a.m. to 11 a.m.

Udon Thani: Regular bus and air-conditioned bus services make trips to Nakhon Phanom daily.

Mukdahan: Bus services between Nakhon Phanom and Mukdahan Provinces are provided on an hourly basis from 5.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. daily

Kho Rat: Air-conditioned bus service between Nakhon Phanom and Khorat are provided 3 times a day.


By Other:

By Boat

A ferry across the Mekong River to Tha Khaek, Laos costs around 40 baht per person. Only travelers with valid Lao visas (not available on site) are permitted to cross to Tha Khaek.

 

Getting Around Nakhon Phanom
There is no bus service to get around the city. The only chartered vehicles available are Skylabs, a local form of tuk tuk. The fare ranges from 10-60 baht, depending on the distance.

 

Activities
Because of its rich natural beauty, Nakhon Phanom has a number of activities for visitors to participate, particularly those related to the natural and cultural attractions around the province. Such activities include:

Attractions
Because of its rich culture and natural beauty, Nakhon Phanom has a wealth of attractions, ensuring that visitors with any interest will find something to keep them entertained on their Nakhon Phanom holiday. The following are some of the most popular attractions in Nakhon Phanom:

Art, Culture & Heritage

Phra That Phanom - Nakhon Phanom @ ThailandPhra That Phanom
Phra That Phanom is located 50 kilometers from Nakhon Phanom town on Highway No. 212. It is the most important Buddhist site in the province. A 53-meters tall square-shaped pagoda, it was believed to have been built before the 12th century. The pagoda, which is believed to have originally been of Khmer design, was renovated through the years to its present Laotian design. The pagoda enshrines the holy relics of the Lord Buddha. On August 11, 1975 at 7 p.m., the entire pagoda collapsed after many days of rainstorm. The Thai public subsequently made considerable donations to rebuild the pagoda to its original splendor. People placed many valuables inside and placed a 110-kilogram solid gold spire on top of the pagoda... Link 1

How to Get There:

By Car
It is located 50 kilometers from Nakhon Phanom town on Highway No. 212.

By Bus
Air-conditioned coaches and buses regularly leave the provincial bus terminal for the stupa.

Phra That Nakhon
Located in amphoe Mueang, the stupa is designated as a holy place, expecially for one born on Saturday. It is believed to grant the wish of being a respectful leader.

Phra That Maha Chai
Phra That Maha Chai is located at Wat Khosadaram, Tambon Maha Chai, some 40 kilometers from Nakhon Phanom town on the Nakhon Phanom-Sakon Nakhon (Highway No. 22). The monastery is easily accessible via a 2-kilometer road that leads directly to the temple. The chedi enshrines the holy relics of Lord Buddha. Inside the convocation hall is Thailand's largest wooden Buddha image. The hall also features exquisite murals depicting the life of Lord Buddha that are regarded as one of the finest and rarest murals of the Northeast.

Phra That Tha Uthen
Phra That Tha Uthen is located opposite Hin Bun town in Laos. It is situated approximately 26 kilometers north of the city on Highway 212. Similar in style to Phra That Phanom, Phra That Tha Uthen is 66 meters high. Constructed in 1912, the chedi (pagoda) houses the relics of the Lord Buddhas' disciple brought from over from Yangon, Myanmar.

Phra Achan Bua Temiyo Museum
Phra Achan Bua Temiyo Museum is situated at Wat Sila Mongkhon in Ban Lak Sila, only 5 kilometers from Amphoe That Phanom. The museum houses the remains of the famous monk Phra Achan Man Phuritatto and the religious items of another monk, Phra Achan Bua Temiyo. The well-preserved body of the latter monk is kept here and is highly revered by locals.

Phra That Renu Nakhon
Phra That Renu Nakhon is located 52 kilometers south of Nakhon Phanom town on Highway No. 212. Upon reaching the kilometer 44 marker, turn right and proceed for another 7 kilometers. The pagoda, which is 35 meters high, was built in 1918 and is a scaled down replica of Phra That Phanom. Inside the pagoda are a Buddhist scripture and a gold Buddha image. Renu Nakhon is home to many Phu Thai ethnic minorities who retain their culture, especially their dances and the custom of the Bai-Si-Su-Kwan ceremony. This indigenous group excels weaving cotton and their products that are highly sought after by tourists.

Phra That Prasit
Located in Amphoe Na Wa, the stupa is designated as a holy place, especially for one born on Thursday. It is believed to grant the wish of working successfully.

 

Places of Worship

Wat Maha That
This monastery is located on Sunthon Wichit Road, on the bank of Mekong River. The compound includes Phra That Nakhon a sacred pagoda highly worshipped by Buddhists. With a square base of 5.8 meters wide and a height of 24 meters, the pagoda was built by Phraya Ammat (Pom), the army commander-in-chief from Vientiane who built Nakhon Phanom City.

Wat Okat (Wat Okatsibuaban)
The temple, which is located along the bank of the Mekong River, on Sunthon Wichit Road is an ancient monastery that has not been dated. The temple was built before the provincial town was established and houses many highly-revered old Buddha images such as Phra Teaw and Phra Tiam. Additional attractions at the temple are its magnificent murals.

Wat Si Thep
Wat Si Thep is situated on Sunthon Wichit Road and houses the highly revered Phra Saeng, which is said to have been built along with Phra Suk and Phra Sai, two other Buddha images. In addition, the ordination hall features exquisite murals.

Wat Trai Phum
A riverside temple located in Tha Uthen District where the 15th century, 80-inch tall Phra Bang image with an octagon base surrounded by 8 elephants is enshrined. It is believed that a procession with the image during the dry season will bring rainfall.

Saint Anna Nong Saeng Church
Saint Anna Church is located on Sonthornvijit Road which runs parallel to the dame in front of the city of Nakhon Phanom. The church was built in 1926 by a Catholic priest. The church stands as a symbol of an international city that welcomes inhabitants from all walks of life. Before Christmas eve, Christians will make different styles of stars and put them together in the church.

 

Nature & Wildlife

Phu Langka National Park
This park is in the Langka Mountain Range, 6 kilometres from Ban Phaeng district and comprises 2 waterfalls. Namtok Tat Kham is located near the park office. This small 4-tiered waterfall is superb for relaxation. Namtok Tat Pho, which can be seen from the highway paralleling the Mekong River, is located 11 kilometers from Ban Phaeng and 5 kilometers from Tat Kham Waterfall. Equally beautiful, Tat Pho is best visited during the rainy season. A trail to the waterfall allows visitors to enjoy the beauty of both sides of the falls while walking a little over 1 hour.

Hat Thai Mueang
Thai Mueang Beach is a freshwater beach that appears only during the dry season from February to April when it extends to the middle of the Mekong River almost reaching the river bank on the Laos side. This beach is another excellent place from which to enjoy the river view from dusk to dawn.

Phu Kratae Golf Club
Located in the compound of Nakhon Phanom Technical School, Nitayo Road, Nakhon Phanom 48000, golf lovers may call 042 511177 for reservation or more details.

 

Suburban Living

Ban Nong Chan Old Town
This is the only site where it is possible to see the brick ruins and a number of large trees that are over a hundred years old. Archeological evidence reveals that the place was formerly the camp site of Phraya Chiangsa who led his troops from Vientiane to assist Tao Kumsing in the fight to liberate Tao Kumsing's Kingdom from Tao Gugnews control. This old town is located about 5 kilometers from the city.

 

Recreational & Entertainment

Riverside Promenade
Fancy a walk along the mighty and famous Mekong River? Visitors can stroll along the riverside promenade parallel to the Mekong River and enjoy the view across the river of Tha Khaek City against the mountainous backdrop. The view is spectacular in the evening as the sun sets over the mountains on the other side of the river.

 

 

 
 


 
 
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