Mukdahan

Mukdahan @ ThailandMukdahan, the pearl on the bank of the Mekong, has been an historical gateway to Indochinese countries, and the population of the province reflects this: 8 different ethnic minorities live in Mukdahan; namely, Thai Isan, Phu Thai, Thai Kha, Kraso, Thai Kaloeng, Thai Yo, Thai Saek, and Thai Kula. Mukdahan has abundant natural beauty and is also famed for its high quality Mudmee silk.

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ISAN is the northeastern region of Thailand. It is located on the Korat Plateau, bordered by the Mekong River (along the border with Laos) to the north and east, by Cambodia to the southeast and the Prachinburi mountains south of Nakhon Ratchasima. To the west it is separated from Northern and Central Thailand by the Phetchabun mountain range.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, northeastern Thailand has been officially known as Isan, a term adopted from Sanskrit Ishan, meaning in a north east direction. The term "Isan" was derived from Isanapura, the capital of the Chenla kingdom. The Lao-speaking population of the region, who comprise the majority, distinguish themselves not only from the Lao of Laos but also from the central Thai by calling themselves Khon Isan or Thai Isan. The Khmer-speaking minority and Kuy (Suai), who live in the south of Isan, speak dialects and follow customs more similar to those of Cambodia than either the Thai people or the Lao people. Agriculture is the main economic activity. Production lags behind the rest of the country due to the socio-economic conditions and the exceptionally hot, dry climate. Isan remains Thailand's poorest region.

The main language is Isan, which is a dialect of the Lao language. Currently written with the Thai alphabet (instead of the slightly different Lao alphabet), Isan belongs to the Chiang Seng and LaoPhutai language groups, which along with Thai are members of the Tai languages of the TaiKadai language family. Thai is also spoken by almost everyone. Khmer, the language of Cambodia, is widely spoken in areas along the Cambodian border: Buriram, Surin, and Sisaket. The people are aware of their Lao ethnic origin, but Isan has been incorporated into the modern Thai state. Several Thai prime ministers have come from the region. Prominent aspects of Isan culture of include Mor Lam, an indigenous type of folk music, Muay Thai boxing, cock fighting, and celebratory processions. Isan food, in which Sticky Rice (Khao niew) and chiles are prominent, is distinct from Thai cuisine. Sticky rice is a staple of Thai Northeastern cuisine, and it accompanies most meals.

 

 

ISAN MAP : Mukdahan @ Thailand Loei Nong Khai Nakhon Phanom Udon Thani Sakon Nakhon Nong Bua Lam Phu Khon Kaen Chaiyaphum Kalasin Mukdahan Maha Sarakham Yasothon Amnat Charoen Nakhon Ratchasima Roi Et Buriram Surin Sri Sa Ket Ubon Ratchathani Bueng Kan

Mukdahan

Skyscraping Ho Kaeo Tower, Phu Pha Thoep and Kaeng Kabao, Eight Ethnic Minorities, Famous Sweet Tamarind, Large Ancient Kettledrum, Origin of Lam Phaya, Stunning View of the Mekong River, Gateway to Indochina.

Indochina Market - Mukdahan @ ThailandThe founding of Mukdahan dates to the late Ayutthaya period, over 200 years ago, when the site of the new town was selected at the mouth of Huai Muk on the bank of the Mekong River in 1767. The town was completed in 1770 and named Mukdahan (moonstone or pearl) according to a propitious sign that appeared while the town was under construction. Even today the locals call the town Mueang Muk or the pearl on the bank of the Mekong.

Friendship Bridge - Mukdahan @ ThailandFor most of its existence, Mukdahan has been a significant gateway to Indochinese countries. The local people of Mukdahan have had a long relationship with the people in Savannakhet province of neighboring Laos, with whom they share a 70 km long Mekong River border. Further, Mukdahan is home to 8 ethnic minorities; namely, Thai Isan, Phu Thai, Thai Kha, Kraso, Thai Kaloeng, Thai Yo, Thai Saek, and Thai Kula. The area also has abundant natural beauty. Mukdahan is also a famous province for producing high quality Mudmee silk.

 


Mukdahan, the pearl on the bank of the Mekong, has been an historical gateway to Indochinese countries, and the population of the province reflects this: 8 different ethnic minorities live in Mukdahan; namely, Thai Isan, Phu Thai, Thai Kha, Kraso, Thai Kaloeng, Thai Yo, Thai Saek, and Thai Kula. Mukdahan has abundant natural beauty and is also famed for its high quality Mudmee silk.

 

HOW
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ISAN

@ Thailand

by...webSanom

TRAVEL TO MUKDAHAN

Options in Mukdahan, Thailand
As a province somewhat off the typical tourist route, Mukdahan is best reached via private car or public bus. However, it is possible to take a train or plane to nearby Ubon Ratchathani an then a short bus to Mukdahan. Once there, it may be easier to get around with your own car, but there are standard forms of local transport available for visitors: i.e. songtaew, motorbike taxi, and tuk tuk.

 

Getting to and from Mukdahan

By Train:
Trains leave Bangkok's Hua Lumphong Railway Station throughout the day for Ubon Ratchathani.

By Car:
Mukdahan is 642 km from Bangkok. Driving to Mukdahan, motorists should follow a route from Bangkok through Saraburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Amphoe Ban Phai, Maha Sarakham, Amphoe Phon Thong, Roi Et, and Amphoe Khamcha-I to Mukdahan.

Another route is from Bangkok to Saraburi and Nakhon Ratchasima on Highway 2 and then right onto Highway 207 at Ban Wat, through Amphoe Prathai, Amphoe Phutthaisong, Amphoe Phayakkhaphum Phisai, Amphoe Kaset Wisai, and Amphoe Suwannaphum, then along Highway 2169 via Amphoe Sai Mun, Amphoe Kut Chum, and Amphoe Loeng Nok Tha, and finally on Highway 212 via Amphoe Nikhom Kham Soi to Mukdahan.

By Bus:
Air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned coaches regularly leave from Bangkok's Mo Chit 2 Northeastern Bus Terminal on Kamphaengphet 2 Road throughout the day. Telephone 936-2852-66, 537-8005 for more information.

By Air:
Thai Airways operates daily flights to Nakon Phanom or Ubon Ratchathani from which visitors can get a bus to Mukdahan.

 

Getting Around Mukdahan
As in most rural Thai provinces there are typically songtaews that follow established routes around the provincial capital and between towns within the province. Songtaews, motorbike taxis, and some form of tuk tuk are usually available for private charter as well.

 

Activities
As one of the less frequently visited tourist destinations in Thailand, Mukdahan has limited activities for visitors to participate in other than visiting the natural and cultural attractions around the province.

Attractions
Although one of the quieter tourist destinations in Thailand, Mukdahan features many historical, natural, and cultural attractions, including beautiful temples, rock paintings that are thousands of years old, and prehistoric fossils. The following are some of the most popular attractions in Mukdahan:

Art, Culture & Heritage

Ho Kaeo Mukdahan - Mukdahan @ ThailandHo Kaeo Mukdahan
Ho Kaeo Mukdahan is a 65-metre-high tower, 2 kilometres on the Mukdahan-Don Tan route. The lower floor features an exhibition on Mukdahans history, another on the arts and culture of various tribes and the way of life along the Mekong River from past to present. The topmost part is an observation room where visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the Mekong River, Sawannakhet and Mukdahan... Link 1

 

Klong Mahorathuk
Mahorathuk drum is kept at Wat Matchimawat (Wat Klang), not far from Don Tan District Office. This ancient artifact is over 3,000 years old. It is a single-sided bronze drum with a diametre of 86 centimetres and a length of 90 metres. The drum face has a sunrise design and the drum case has drawings of 4 frogs. The Kha and ancient Khmer people loved to collect drums. This drum was discovered in 1938 on the Mekong bank at Ban Na Tham in Laos.

 

Places of Worship

Wat Si Mongkhon Tai
Wat Si Mongkhon Tai is near the immigration checkpoint. The temple houses an important Buddha image of the province, Phra Chao Ong Luang, an image built before the citys founding. This brick image is 2.2 metres wide and 2 metres high. According to legend, the first lord of Mukdahan discovered it while he was overseeing the citys construction. In addition, another image made of steel was found under a Bodi tree with only its top part protruding from the ground.

Wat Phu Dan Tae
Wat Phu Dan Tae, or Wat Phutto Thammatharo, is on Highway No. 212 at the 134-km marker at Ban Chai Mongkhon, Tambon Chok Chai, about 15 kilometres from town. The temple is on a rock plateau and houses a large standing Buddha image with a halo on top. The image is clearly visible from a distance.

Wat Ban Song Khon
Wat Ban Song Khon church is the largest and most beautiful Catholic church in southeast Asia. Situated on the Mekong bank 6 kilometres from Wan Yai, or 25 kilometres from Mukdahan, the church was built to honor 7 Christians who sacrificed their lives to protect the religion. The wax figures of the 7 martyrs with their ashes inside are on display in the rear of the church.

Wat Mano Phirom
Wat Mano Phirom is at Tambon Chanot. This old temple was built by Vientiane architects. A fire caused extensive damage to the temple in 1904, but it was fully renovated in 1911. The temple has buildings of interest such as the chapel and convocation hall, as well as Buddha images and a stairway, all reflecting beautiful local art.

Chao Mae Song Nang Phi Nong Shrine
Chao Mae Song Nang Phi Nong Shrine is on Samran Chai Khong Road, next to Mukdahan immigration checkpoint. No records exist of its origin but it is regarded to be as sacred as the Mung Muang Shrine. The locals hold a celebration to pay homage to both shrines in May every year.

Chao Pho Chao Fa Mung Mueang Shrine
Chao Pho Chao Fa Mung Mueang shrine is on Song Nang Sathit Road. It is here that the city shrine is located. It is believed that the shrine was built at the same time as the founding of the city. The people of Mukdahan regard the shrine as a sacred place that preserves the city's happiness.

 

Nature & Wildlife

Mukdahan National Park
Mukdahan National Park (Phu Pha Thoep) is 17 kilometres from the city on the Mukdahan-Don Tan Road. To get to the park, turn right at the 14-15 km marker and drive for 2 kilometres. The park has an area of 48.5 square kilometres and consists mainly of many high mountains connected together like Phu Manorom, Phu Nang Hong, Phu Pha Thoep, Phu Tham Phra, Phu Lak Se, Phu Rang, Phu Pong, and Phu Kham Mak Mi. The highest peak is Phu Chom Si, which is 420 metres above sea level. The forest is a hardwood forest and is the source of several waterways.Some parts of the park are steep cliffs and wide rock plateaus. The most striking of these is Phu Pha Thoep where rocks of peculiar shapes abound. It is believed that this area was once a dirt mountain that eventually eroded due to rain and wind. Around the end of the rainy season in October, flowers of different colors bloom from the rocks, giving the park magnificent colors.Other places of interest include Phu Tham Phra, the largest mountain in the park. Visitors can find a waterfall and a cave where hundreds of small wooden Buddha and animal images are placed. Another site is the Tham Fa Mu Daeng on Phu Pha Thoep where numerous prehistoric drawings of hands and people can be seen. Drawn with red paint, the drawings are estimated to be older than 5,000 years.

Phu Sa Dok Bua National Park
At this park, visitors can enjoy the magnificent panoramic views on top of the muntain and admire the beauty of a variety of rocks, flowers and lotus.

Phu Mu Forest Park
Phu Mu Forest Park can be reached by taking Highway No. 212 to the 128-129 km. markers, then take a left-hand road for 12 kilometres. Phu Mu (Pig Mountain) is 353 metres above sea level and has a mountaintop plateau with an area of 4 square kilometres. Wild boars used to roam the area, hence, the name given by villagers. The summit has 3 vantage points, 100 metres, 400 metres and 800 metres from the park office, respectively. Visitors can have great views of Mukdahan from all 3 points.

Kaeng Krabao
Kaeng Kabao is an islet that parallels the Mekong River. A wide rock plateau on the bank is popular for villagers seeking relaxation. Islands and beaches emerge in the middle of the river in the dry season, making the area more picturesque than in other seasons. To get there, take Highway No. 212 (Mukdahan-That Phanom) for 20 kilometres and turn right to Wan Yai and drive for 9 kilometres. Kaeng Kabao is 9 kilometres north of the district office.

Namtok Tat Ton
Tat Ton Waterfall is to the south of Nong Sung and west of Kham Cha-I on Highway No. 2030, 18 kilometres away between the 67-68 km markers. The waterfall is 7 metres high and 30 metres wide. A pool here is suitable for swimming.

 

Recreational & Entertainment

Phu Mu Forest Park
Phu Mu Forest Park can be reached by taking Highway No. 212 to the 128-129 km. markers, then take a left-hand road for 12 kilometres. Phu Mu (Pig Mountain) is 353 metres above sea level and has a mountaintop plateau with an area of 4 square kilometres. Wild boars used to roam the area, hence, the name given by villagers. The summit has 3 vantage points, 100 metres, 400 metres and 800 metres from the park office, respectively. Visitors can have great views of Mukdahan from all 3 points.

 

 

 
 


 
 
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